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Personality traits linked to political orientation

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Personality traits linked to political orientation

Post Neon Knight on Tue 5 Jun - 22:11

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886918301466

The main points:

* Gender and Openness are the most important factors

* Women who are better educated, less religious and of higher social class are more Left-Wing

* Open and Agreeable people are more Left-Wing

* Agreeable and Neurotic (emotional) people of high social class are more Left-Wing

* Neurotic (emotional) people of low social class are more Right-Wing

* Introverted and Conscientious people are more Right-Wing.


Abstract
This study examined the incremental validity of the Big-Five personality traits over primarily demographic factors in predicting Left-Right political orientation (PO) in a large British adult sample. Gender and trait Openness was most strongly correlated with PO. The regression indicated that females who were better educated, less religious and of higher social class were more Left-Wing. Personality traits doubled the variance accounted for (4% to 9%) indicating that Open, more Agreeable people were more Left-Wing and Introverted, more Conscientious people more Right-Wing. Agreeableness and Neuroticism showed an interaction with social class, such that for high social class, Left-Wing orientation increased with Agreeableness (but not for low social class); and for high social class, Left-Wing orientation increased with Neuroticism, whilst for low social class, Right-Wing orientation increased with Neuroticism.

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Re: Personality traits linked to political orientation

Post Neon Knight on Fri 29 Jun - 12:41

A twist related to this: https://www.psypost.org/2018/05/political-beliefs-likely-rooted-personality-traits-among-see-politics-means-self-expression-51315 Quoting:

. . . “Psychologists and political scientists have argued more and more in recent years that people with different personality traits may be attracted to different political positions,” said the corresponding author of the study, Christopher M. Federico of University of Minnesota.

. . . “So, we thought it might be interesting to see whether people who see their political beliefs as important to their sense of who they are were more likely to ‘choose’ their political beliefs on the basis of personal traits. Individuals who see their political beliefs as more important to their sense of self should hold political beliefs that better reflect aspects of the self — like personality traits.”

. . . “We know from a lot of previous research that individuals who are high in need for closure — in other words, people who want to feel more certain about things — are more likely to have conservative beliefs,” Federico told PsyPost.

“What we show in our study is that this relationship is found mainly among people who see their political beliefs as important to their sense of who they are. Among people who see their political beliefs as important to their identity, need for closure predicts conservatism.”

In other words, the link between need for closure and conservatism mostly existed among those who agreed with statements such as “My political attitudes and beliefs are an important reflection of who I am” and “In general, my political attitudes and beliefs are an important part of my self-image.”

“However, among those who do not see their political beliefs as important to their identity, political beliefs do not seem to reflect personality traits like the need for closure much,” Federico noted.

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Re: Personality traits linked to political orientation

Post Neon Knight on Sun 21 Oct - 23:14

https://neuro.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/appi.neuropsych.16030051# Quoting:

Abstract
Differences in political ideology are a major source of human disagreement and conflict. There is increasing evidence that neurobiological mechanisms mediate individual differences in political ideology through effects on a conservative-liberal axis. This review summarizes personality, evolutionary and genetic, cognitive, neuroimaging, and neurological studies of conservatism-liberalism and discusses how they might affect political ideology. What emerges from this highly variable literature is evidence for a normal right-sided “conservative-complex” involving structures sensitive to negativity bias, threat, disgust, and avoidance. This conservative-complex may be damaged with brain disease, sometimes leading to a pathological “liberal shift” or a reduced tendency to conservatism in political ideology. Although not deterministic, these findings recommend further research on politics and the brain.

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Discussion
The literature on political ideology indicates a neurobiological circuitry for mediating the conservative-liberal dimension of political ideology. This literature, although variable and often flawed, suggests the existence of a “conservative complex” in the right anterior brain (see Figure 1). Recognizing that there is a neurobiological basis for conservatism-liberalism does not mean that life experiences and social learning are not major determinants, or that the neurobiological underpinnings determine, rather than reflect, conservative versus liberal attitudes. Nevertheless, neurologists and psychiatrists have recognized patients with right frontotemporal brain disorders resulting in changes in conservative-liberal behavior with consequences for political ideology.

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Re: Personality traits linked to political orientation

Post OsricPearl on Mon 22 Oct - 16:02

There is also plenty of evidence that suggest exercise styles influence political persuasion. Those who focus on cardio, runners and bicyclers, tend to be liberals. Those who focus on weight training tend to be conservative.
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Re: Personality traits linked to political orientation

Post Neon Knight on Tue 23 Oct - 14:00

I suppose the psychodynamic explanation would be that conservatives do weights to build strength and give themselves greater confidence about self-defence - the cautious mind-set. I'm not sure why liberals would prefer fitness exercises. Actually, I can't think why anyone would want to do boring fitness routines when they could do some kind of sport instead. But maybe some people just don't enjoy competing and would rather go for a run or something.

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