Like/Tweet/+1
Latest topics
» Now listening to . . .
by Neon Knight Today at 0:56

» Animals - News & General
by Sary Yesterday at 10:55

» Front National / Rassemblement National
by Neon Knight Wed 14 Nov - 18:16

» Hitler's friendship with a part Jewish child
by Neon Knight Wed 14 Nov - 1:21

» Italian 'land-for-children' idea to increase birth rate
by Sary Mon 5 Nov - 22:41

» 12 Common French Gestures
by Sary Mon 5 Nov - 22:21

» White majorities feel threatened [good article]
by Neon Knight Mon 5 Nov - 20:40

» Germany's AfD Party
by Neon Knight Sun 4 Nov - 22:00

» There's only 11 mins of play in an American football game
by Jehan I Sat 3 Nov - 13:06

» Song Cover-Versions & Originals
by Neon Knight Sat 3 Nov - 1:38

» English Teen Kidnapped for 12 years
by Jehan I Fri 2 Nov - 18:56

» Old Film Trailers (to 2009)
by Neon Knight Wed 31 Oct - 22:09

» Classic TV Adverts
by Neon Knight Wed 31 Oct - 21:26

» European Royalty
by Neon Knight Wed 31 Oct - 21:12

» Halloween Customs of Scotland
by Neon Knight Wed 31 Oct - 20:50

» British New Zealander politician cannot understand Scottish accent
by OsricPearl Mon 29 Oct - 13:32

» Personality traits linked to political orientation
by Neon Knight Tue 23 Oct - 14:00

» Favourite Film Scenes
by Neon Knight Fri 19 Oct - 19:13

» Opinion survey on gene editing
by Sary Fri 19 Oct - 2:00

» More Madness from America - The Fake Indian
by OsricPearl Thu 18 Oct - 3:28

» Students to lecture profs. on diversity
by Neon Knight Tue 16 Oct - 21:45

» A flag to represent European people?
by Sary Sun 14 Oct - 1:30

» How do you write these numbers in words?
by OsricPearl Sat 13 Oct - 22:41

» UK Migration Issues
by Neon Knight Sat 13 Oct - 22:09

» Radio hostess banned for 'safe space' joke
by Neon Knight Wed 10 Oct - 23:56

» Beautiful Feminine Art
by OsricPearl Wed 10 Oct - 2:50

» Supreme Court Clown Car of Witches
by Neon Knight Mon 8 Oct - 20:26

» Defence Spending - NATO and Others
by Neon Knight Sun 7 Oct - 21:17

» Jirel of Joiry - the first female fantasy warrior
by OsricPearl Fri 5 Oct - 18:10

» Accounts of Apparitions
by Neon Knight Fri 5 Oct - 1:08

» London Street Scenes 1967
by Neon Knight Sun 30 Sep - 23:20

» American/British/German Attitudes to Military Heroism
by Sary Sun 30 Sep - 22:30

» Africa’s dangerous baby boom
by Neon Knight Sat 29 Sep - 18:03

» Waterfalls of Iceland
by Neon Knight Thu 27 Sep - 21:16

» What it takes to be superhuman
by Sary Sat 22 Sep - 1:22

» France nearly restored its monarchy in 1871
by Iseult Mon 17 Sep - 7:23

» Sweden votes tomorrow
by OsricPearl Sun 16 Sep - 15:39

» Rise of Nationalist Parties in Europe
by OsricPearl Sat 15 Sep - 18:30

» The Society for Creative Anachronism and a Swastika Controversy
by Neon Knight Fri 14 Sep - 22:35

» Project to put Sadiq Khan balloon over London
by Neon Knight Mon 3 Sep - 17:22


Happy 99th Birthday to Iceland!

Reply to topic

View previous topic View next topic Go down

Happy 99th Birthday to Iceland!

Post Neon Knight on Fri 1 Dec - 21:40

http://icelandmag.visir.is/article/day-history-iceland-became-a-sovereign-state-99-years-ago

On December 1st, 1918 Iceland became a sovereign nation, the Kindgom of Iceland. Iceland was thus recognized by Denmark as a fully independent nation, with its own national flag and coat of arms, but in a personal union with the Danish King who was also the head of state of Iceland.

While December 1st was celebrated as a national holiday during the interwar period December 1 1918 was not a day of celebrations. The reason was that the winter of 1918-19 was very tough: The winter of 1917-18 is known as "The Winter of Great Frosts", as the temperature in January 1918 had dropped to below -30°C (-22°F). Many fjords had frozen and sea ice closed shipping lanes. The winter of 1918-19 was not as bad, but the arrival of the Spanish Flu in Iceland in early October, an eruption in the volcano Katla on October 12-November 4 and heavy winter storms in November and December convinced the authorities it was a bad idea to organize public celebrations on December 1st.

In the 1920s and 30s December 1st was celebrated in larger towns, and students at the University of Iceland observed the Sovereignty Day. When Iceland was declared a Republic in 1944 December 1st was recognized as one of the offical flag days of the republic.



Hannes Hafstein - the first Prime Minister of Iceland

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iceland#History

Kingdom of Iceland 1918–1944

The Danish–Icelandic Act of Union, an agreement with Denmark signed on 1st December 1918 and valid for 25 years, recognised Iceland as a fully sovereign state in a personal union with Denmark. The Government of Iceland established an embassy in Copenhagen and requested that Denmark handle Icelandic foreign policy. Danish embassies around the world displayed two coats of arms and two flags: those of the Kingdom of Denmark and those of the Kingdom of Iceland.

During World War II, Iceland joined Denmark in asserting neutrality. After the German occupation of Denmark on 9th April 1940, the Althing replaced the King with a regent and declared that the Icelandic government would take control of foreign affairs and other matters previously handled by Denmark. A month later, British armed forces invaded and occupied the country, violating Icelandic neutrality. In 1941, the occupation was taken over by the United States so that Britain could use its troops elsewhere.


Independent republic 1944–present

On 31st December 1943, the Danish–Icelandic Act of Union expired after 25 years. Beginning on 20th May 1944, Icelanders voted in a four-day plebiscite on whether to terminate the personal union with Denmark, abolish the monarchy, and establish a republic. The vote was 97% to end the union, and 95% in favour of the new republican constitution. Iceland formally became a republic on 17th June 1944, with Sveinn Björnsson as its first president.

In 1946, the Allied occupation force left Iceland. The nation formally became a member of NATO on 30th March 1949, amid domestic controversy and riots. On 5th May 1951, a defence agreement was signed with the United States. American troops returned to Iceland as the Iceland Defence Force, and remained throughout the Cold War. The US withdrew the last of its forces on 30 September 2006.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Between the velvet lies, there's a truth that's hard as steel
The vision never dies, life's a never ending wheel
- R.J.Dio
avatar
Neon Knight
The Castellan

Male Posts : 1172
Join date : 2017-03-05

http://castle-europa.forumotion.com

Back to top Go down

Re: Happy 99th Birthday to Iceland!

Post de Burgh on Fri 22 Dec - 22:13

Happy birthday Iceland! Jester

:-P

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'The most merciful thing in the world, I think, is the inability of the human mind to correlate all its contents. We live on a placid island of ignorance in the midst of black seas of infinity, and it was not meant that we should voyage far. The sciences, each straining in its own direction, have hitherto harmed us little; but some day the piercing together of dissociated knowledge will open up such terrifying vistas of reality, and of our frightful position therein, that we shall either go mad from the revelation or flee from the light into the peace and safety of a new dark age. [...]'
˜ H.P. Lovecraft
avatar
de Burgh
A knight of the castle

Male Posts : 117
Join date : 2017-06-10

Back to top Go down

View previous topic View next topic Back to top

- Similar topics

Permissions in this forum:
You can reply to topics in this forum