Like/Tweet/+1
Latest topics
» Song Cover-Versions & Originals
by Neon Knight Yesterday at 23:46

» Old Film Trailers (to 2009)
by Neon Knight Yesterday at 0:35

» Nationalist Parties in Europe
by Neon Knight Yesterday at 0:11

» Now listening to . . .
by Neon Knight Sat 22 Feb - 1:24

» Persistent criminals have abnormal brains
by Neon Knight Fri 21 Feb - 0:03

» Monty Python Scenes & Sketches
by Neon Knight Wed 19 Feb - 23:04

» Historical European Martial Arts, Arms & Armour
by Neon Knight Wed 19 Feb - 7:22

» Interesting Music Album Covers (1-3 per post)
by Sary Tue 18 Feb - 0:32

» Black Sabbath and 50 Years of Heavy Metal
by Neon Knight Mon 17 Feb - 0:53

» Should it be 'a' or 'an' before words beginning with 'h' ?
by Neon Knight Fri 14 Feb - 23:25

» Environmentalism is Fascism
by Sary Fri 14 Feb - 20:29

» Wokeness began in the 1920s
by OsricPearl Thu 13 Feb - 3:17

» Personality traits linked to political orientation
by Neon Knight Wed 12 Feb - 9:10

» UK Migration Issues
by Neon Knight Tue 11 Feb - 23:46

» Germany's AfD Party
by Neon Knight Mon 10 Feb - 8:56

» The Nürnberg Laws of 1935
by Neon Knight Fri 7 Feb - 0:05

» Favourite Film & TV Scenes
by Neon Knight Thu 6 Feb - 23:53

» Brexit Saga Update
by OsricPearl Wed 5 Feb - 5:26

» Communism & Socialism - What's the difference?
by Neon Knight Sat 1 Feb - 23:52

» Social .V. Cultural Conservatism
by OsricPearl Thu 30 Jan - 3:50

» British liberals' unrealistic ideas about Europe
by Neon Knight Sun 26 Jan - 1:18

» Majority of Italians in poll say racist acts are justifiable
by OsricPearl Sat 25 Jan - 5:06

» Wealth Distribution & Relative Poverty
by Neon Knight Thu 23 Jan - 21:42

» Guess this woman
by OsricPearl Wed 22 Jan - 5:34

» The English Wassailing Tradition
by OsricPearl Thu 16 Jan - 5:15

» Ronnie James Dio Appreciation Thread
by Neon Knight Sun 12 Jan - 23:45

» English Slang
by Neon Knight Fri 10 Jan - 1:09

» Beautiful Feminine Art
by OsricPearl Tue 7 Jan - 16:58

» Accounts of Apparitions
by Neon Knight Fri 3 Jan - 3:32

» Time Slips
by Neon Knight Sun 29 Dec - 4:21

» The Englishmen with African Y-DNA
by Neon Knight Tue 24 Dec - 0:31

» Ancient Archaeological Finds
by Neon Knight Sun 15 Dec - 3:05

» Animals - News & General
by Neon Knight Tue 10 Dec - 1:17

» Women can see more colours than men
by Neon Knight Sun 1 Dec - 22:48

» European Ancestry in the USA
by Neon Knight Sun 1 Dec - 0:24

» Spotting dark personality traits from faces
by Neon Knight Sat 30 Nov - 3:25

» Believing in Conspiracy Theories
by OsricPearl Wed 27 Nov - 20:43

» Political Dimensions Test
by Neon Knight Tue 26 Nov - 22:22

» Reincarnation
by Sary Sun 24 Nov - 22:59

» Philosophical Traits Test
by Sary Sat 23 Nov - 2:12


Believing in Conspiracy Theories

Reply to topic

View previous topic View next topic Go down

Believing in Conspiracy Theories Empty Believing in Conspiracy Theories

Post Neon Knight on Sun 17 Nov - 0:04

https://www.psychologytoday.com/gb/blog/naturally-selected/201412/why-our-brains-are-hardwired-conspiracy-theories (2014) Quoting:

This was another great year for conspiracy believers. The most popular conspiracy theory concerning the Ebola virus was that it was developed in a US laboratory as a bioweapon against the population explosion in Africa. When rapper Chris Brown tweeted to his 13 million followers: "I don't know..but I think this Ebola epidemic is a form of population control" it went viral. There were also conspiracy theories abound regarding the fates of Malaysian Airlines flights MH17 and MH370. Some even suggested these incidents involved the same aircraft.

When do we speak of a conspiracy theory, why are they so popular, and how can we resist them? According to Harvard Law professor Cass Sunstein, a conspiracy theory involves an event that is perceived as threatening — such as a mysterious disease, a terrorist attack, or the unexplained death of a high status figure — which is attributed to a secret conspiracy of individuals trying to achieve their goals through illegitimate means. Take for instance the death of Lady Di in 1997. According to a recent poll, conducted by YouGov UK, 38% of the British population still believe that her death was not accidental. The most popular conspiracy theory is that the car in which she was riding in Paris was sabotaged by the British Security Service on behalf of the royal family because of her affair with the Muslim playboy Dodi Fayed, son of the former Harrods and Fulham football club owner, Mohamed Fayed.

How can we explain the popularity and persistence of conspiracy thinking using an evolutionary perspective? The main cause lies in the way the human brain has evolved. In the multitude of data that reach us every day through our senses, our brains are constantly selecting, filtering, and organizing information. An important function of our mind is pattern recognition. Can we detect a pattern in the vast amount of stimuli that come to us from the environment? The evolutionary function of pattern recognition is evident. If it rained for a few days in a row then our ancestors knew that the rain-period had arrived, and so it was time was to move on. Or if our ancestors came across strangers on different hunting expeditions then you could surmise that a new tribe had settled in their territory.

The human urge for recognizing patterns is very strong. Psychologist Thomas Gilovich showed participants a series of two letters, e.g. OXOOOXXOXXOOXOO. Did they recognize a pattern? Most people did until Gilovich explained that the series was created by chance by throwing a coin (with an X for heads and 0 for tails). The same sensitivity to patterns explains why we recognize animals in the clouds or saints or pop stars in rocks and boulders. Diane Duyser took a bite from her sandwich one day and saw the image of Virgin Mary in what was left. She sold the sandwich on eBay for a whopping 28,000 dollar!

Another evolved function of the mind is to respond swiftly to threats. The biggest threat facing humans throughout history has been other people, particularly when they teamed up against you. If you consider societies that still live as in ancestral times, such as the Yanomamo in the Amazon region or the Kung San in Botswana then the most common form of violence involves a conspiracy directed against a particular individual who has been accused of malice, adultery, or witchcraft.

So we have evolved to be hypersensitive to conspiracy threats especially when we are anxious. A recent study by my colleagues Jan Willem van Prooijen and Eric van Dijk found that when student participants read an article about an African leader who was involved in a car accident they were more inclined to believe in a conspiracy when he died than when he was wounded. Other research from the University of Amsterdam found that people tended to believe more strongly in conspiracies when they were uncertain. Participants were asked to write about a subject that they either had a clear position on or were ambivalent about. Then they responded to a scenario in which they missed out on a promotion at work. The day before they received the news they noticed that their boss was exchanging a lot of emails with a colleague sitting next to them. Did participants think that their failed promotion had something to do with those emails? People who were induced to feel ambivalent believed more strongly in a conspiracy.
article continues after advertisement

There are also individual differences in conspiracy beliefs. A family member sends me regular links to web articles on all sorts of conspiracies such as (a) evidence for the existence of UFOs, (b) adding chemicals to drinking water to poison the population, (c) the alleged responsibility of the US government for 9/11. (Interestingly, almost 30% of Americans still believe in such a conspiracy). My relative has a high degree of openness to all that is new and strange, which is no surprise because he is an artist. Another personality factor predicting belief in conspiracy theories is how friendly you are. The less friendly the more you believe in conspiracies. From an evolutionary perspective this may be a highly functional adaptation!

A finally factor determining conspiracy thinking is power. On the one hand, if you feel powerless you are more inclined to believe that they are conspiring against you. On the other hand, people are also more likely to believe in conspiracies when their power base is being threatened. A dictator wields absolute power but obviously does not want to lose it. So some degree of paranoia — which is a component of conspiracy thinking — is not misplaced. We know from dictators around the world such as Hitler, Stalin, Mao and Kim Il Sung that they were extremely suspicious about conspiracies. Hitler, for instance, had women locked up who wrote them love letters for fear that they were out to do something to him.

So what should we do with this wisdom about conspiracy thinking given that it is probably hardwired? The first lesson is that you should operate as a scientist and always carefully consider the evidence for any conspiracy theory (which often turns out to be flimsy). When you do so you find that there really is something like climate change, and that it is not a conspiracy against the oil or car industry. And the burden of proof in the downing of MH17 points clearly in the direction of the pro-Russian rebels in the eastern Ukraine whatever the Russian media might otherwise suggest.

The second remedy for conspiracy thinking is to realize that there is really such a thing as a coincidence or a stroke of bad luck. If you think logically there is no design behind that cloud looking like an elephant or a tortilla with an image of Jesus. And whatever Oliver Stone and other filmmakers want you to believe, JFK was probably killed by a madman rather than a complex conspiracy involving the FBI, CIA and Lyndon B. Johnson.

To edit a famous saying: Just because you're paranoid doesn't mean they're after you.




Believing in Conspiracy Theories Englan11

Between the velvet lies, there's a truth that's hard as steel
The vision never dies, life's a never ending wheel
- R.J.Dio
Neon Knight
Neon Knight
The Castellan

Male Posts : 1728
Join date : 2017-03-05

https://castle-europa.forumotion.com

Back to top Go down

Believing in Conspiracy Theories Empty Re: Believing in Conspiracy Theories

Post Sary on Sun 17 Nov - 23:23

It seems like once you decide to go down the conspiracy theory rabbit hole, it is becomes hard to come out. The more you read and study such things, the deeper it becomes ingrained.
Some people become quite fanatical.
This is not to say that, there may be some truth buried beneath the lie.




Believing in Conspiracy Theories Fp_fla13
Sary
Sary
A lady of the castle

Female Posts : 680
Join date : 2017-07-10

Back to top Go down

Believing in Conspiracy Theories Empty Re: Believing in Conspiracy Theories

Post Neon Knight on Tue 26 Nov - 22:39

We have a test:  https://www.idrlabs.com/conspiracy/test.php

My results:
Believing in Conspiracy Theories Conspi11




Believing in Conspiracy Theories Englan11

Between the velvet lies, there's a truth that's hard as steel
The vision never dies, life's a never ending wheel
- R.J.Dio
Neon Knight
Neon Knight
The Castellan

Male Posts : 1728
Join date : 2017-03-05

https://castle-europa.forumotion.com

Back to top Go down

Believing in Conspiracy Theories Empty Re: Believing in Conspiracy Theories

Post Sary on Wed 27 Nov - 2:05

You are pretty low on the conspiracy theory scale, especially for the alien score.
I go back and forth on extraterrestrials. It could very well be true but, probably not likely. I gave it a thumbs down.
My results,
Believing in Conspiracy Theories Image36

It seems that I am not quiet so trusting, of the powers that may be.




Believing in Conspiracy Theories Fp_fla13
Sary
Sary
A lady of the castle

Female Posts : 680
Join date : 2017-07-10

Back to top Go down

Believing in Conspiracy Theories Empty Re: Believing in Conspiracy Theories

Post OsricPearl on Wed 27 Nov - 20:43

I'll take this test. More gaslighting by the establishment when it comes to "conspiracy theories." There is no such things as "conspiracy" theories, they say, even as they lie and steal and lie about lying and stealing.

They also came up with the term to delegitimatize our speculation about their lies. No joke, it was coined by the CIA.

As expected, everything but aliens:  Angry Lady
Believing in Conspiracy Theories Consip10




Believing in Conspiracy Theories VMPmie1
OsricPearl
OsricPearl
A lady of the castle

Female Posts : 400
Join date : 2017-08-07

Back to top Go down

Believing in Conspiracy Theories Empty Re: Believing in Conspiracy Theories

Post Sponsored content


Sponsored content


Back to top Go down

View previous topic View next topic Back to top


Permissions in this forum:
You can reply to topics in this forum