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Marble head of Dionysus discovered under Rome

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Post Neon Knight on Wed 10 Jul - 9:17

@Sary wrote:
@OsricPearl wrote:Someone was going to throw it away? Shame. At the very least they could have given it to a consignment shop for resale. It's a good thing you found it!

Kolossos may have ended up in the hospital auxiliary thrift store, but Alyssa said that I could have him plus, he said that he wanted to go with me.

I hope that the books find a good home. They were gorgeous cardiology text books bound in what looked to be red leather.

One man’s trash is another mans treasure.
It's a nice little story. May Kolossos bring you good luck.




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Post Neon Knight on Wed 10 Jul - 9:45

When I've got time I'm going to put all the archaeology posts together in one thread, so I'll add this one here . . .

https://www.realmofhistory.com/2018/05/24/first-corinthian-helmet-black-sea/  Quoting:

Archaeologists discover the first known ancient Corinthian helmet north of Black Sea

Taking its name from the city-state of Corinth, the Corinthian helmet pertains to the iconic classical gear that we identify with the ancient Greek hoplites, in spite of its relative disuse by the later decades of the 5th century BC (in favor of less constrictive designs). And in an interesting turn of events, archaeologists have come across the first known specimen of a Corinthian helmet north of Black Sea, in an area in the Taman Peninsula, south-west of Russia.

The incredible discovery in itself was found in a fragmented form – an unsurprising state since the object was buried for over 2,500 years. To that end, according to the researchers at Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IA RAS), who took part in the excavation of the site, the Corinthian helmet possibly dates from the early part of 5th century BC. It can also be hypothesized that it belonged to a warrior, with the ancient Greek custom entailing the burial of the warrior along with his helmet.

Marble head of Dionysus discovered under Rome - Page 2 First-corinthian-helmet-black-sea_1-min

Suffice it to say, the helmet, like the shield, was perceived as a prestigious equipment in the ancient Greek world, with hoplites/citizens often showcasing their helmets in a place of honor inside their dwellings. As for the specific design attributes of the exemplary Corinthian helmet, the protective gear was usually made of bronze (or brass) and it tended to cover the entire head and neck, with slits for the eyes and mouth . . .

Reverting to the discovery in question here, the particular Corinthian helmet alludes to the ancient Greek presence in the area in and around Crimea, north of Black Sea. To that end, the Taman site, corresponding to ancient Phanagoria, is also home to a necropolis of 600 burial mounds where many Greek warriors of the Bosporus kingdom are buried. Historically, this Greek Bosporan Kingdom (Basileion tou Kimmerikou Bosporou) in eastern Crimea was founded in circa 5th century BC and was the successor to the Greek colonies already established in the region by circa 7th century BC.

Quite intriguingly, the Bosporan Kingdom was administered as an ancient Greek mercantile state . . . at one point its capital Panticapaeum (modern-day Kerch) was the third largest city in the Greek world . . . the strategic value of the realm was not lost on the Romans who offered the client-state status to the kingdom (circa late 1st century AD) even after the subjugation of mainland Greece, thus making it the longest surviving client kingdom of the Romans. [End quote]


The Corinthian helmet is my second favourite after the medieval great helm. Note the serpent on top of the crown in this replica:

Marble head of Dionysus discovered under Rome - Page 2 Bronze10




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Post OsricPearl on Wed 10 Jul - 20:21

That is a beautiful find. I also like ancient Greek armor. They were classy.




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